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冰川冻土 2012, Vol. 34 Issue (6) :1460-1469    DOI:
寒旱区水文水资源 最新目录 | 下期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 << | >>
黑河流域水资源转化特征及其变化规律
丁宏伟1,2, 胡兴林2,3, 蓝永超2, 沈永平2, 尹政1, 李莉1
1. 甘肃省地矿局水文地质工程地质勘察院, 甘肃 张掖 734000;
2. 中国科学院 寒区旱区环境与工程研究所,甘肃 兰州 730000;
3. 甘肃省水文水资源局, 甘肃 兰州 730000
Characteristics and Conversion of Water Resources in the Heihe River Basin
DING Hong-wei1,2, HU Xing-lin2,3, LAN Yong-chao2, SHEN Yong-ping2, YIN Zheng1, LI Li1
1. Institute of Hydro-geoloical and Engineering Geology, Gansu Province Bureau of Geology and Mineral Exploitation and Development,Zhangye Gansu 734000, China;
2. Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy ofSciences, Lanzhou Gansu 730000, China;
3. Gansu Province Bureau of Hydrological and Water Resources Survey,Lanzhou Gansu 730000, China
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摘要 

黑河流域水资源主要以冰雪水资源、 地表水资源与地下水资源的形式存在.上游祁连山区分布有现代冰川428条, 发育大小河流共计29条, 多年平均出山径流量37.83×108m3·a-1; 中下游走廊平原由松散沉积的第四系盆地组成, 接受出山河水及引灌河水的入渗补给, 是地表水资源的重复表现形式, 地下水补给量为25.637×108m3·a-1.受构造-地貌条件的制约, 自南部山区至北部盆地, 地下水与河水之间经过5个不同地带有规律的、 大数量的、 重复的转化过程, 形成完整统一的"山区地下水-出山地表水-中游盆地地下水-中游盆地地表水(泉水)-下游盆地地下水"水资源循环转化系统.

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丁宏伟
胡兴林
蓝永超
沈永平
尹政
李莉
关键词水资源特征   转化规律   变化   黑河流域     
Abstract

The Heihe River basin, located in the interior of Northwest China, is one of the well-known arid and water-shortage areas in China. Water resources mainly take the form of glacier-snow resources, surface water resources and groundwater resources. The Qilian Mountains at high altitude is the headwaters, i.e., the runoff production zone. The middle and lower reaches of the river, mainly in plain, is a main irrigation zone for agriculture, i.e., a water consumption zone. The upper reaches of the river have as many as 428 glaciers, covering an area of 420.55 km2, with glacier resources of about 136.7×108m3. There are 29 sub-rivers, large and small, in the upper reaches of the river, with a mean annual runoff of 37.83×108m3·a-1 from the mountain areas. The runoff from mountain areas is relatively stable. However, an increasing trend has been seen in recent 10 years. The middle and lower reaches of the river are located mainly in plain. The plain zone of the river includes four large tectonic basins, where groundwater is mainly recharged by infiltration of river water and irrigation channel water. The mean annual groundwater recharge is about 25.637×108m3·a-1. In recent 45 years, with the sustainable development of industrial and agricultural economy, the change in utilization and allocation of water resources, which is due to the increasing sophistication of developing water conservancy in the zone, in addition to the influence of the climate shifting to dry, the total groundwater recharge has decreased by 13.043×108m3, with a decreasing amplitude of 41.3%, and as a result, spring water resources have decreased 22.3%. There are regular, massive, repetitious conversion processes between groundwater and river water along the river. The water resources conversion system exhibits: groundwater in the mountain zone→surface water in the mountain foot→groundwater in the southern basin→surface (spring) water in the middle basin→groundwater in the northern basin. A correct understanding of the water resources characteristics and conversion is undoubtedly a base of achieving the sustainable development of industrial and agricultural economy in the Heihe River basin and adjacency.

Keywordswater resources characteristics,   conversion,   research,   Heihe River basin     
收稿日期: 2012-06-08;
基金资助:

中国科学院内陆河流域生态水文重点实验室开放基金项目; 国家自然科学基金项目(40901292; 40971291)资助

作者简介: 丁宏伟(1963-), 男, 四川南充人, 正高级工程师, 1989年毕业于中国地质大学, 中国科学院内陆河流域生态水文重点实验室客座研究员, 主要从事水工环地质及地质灾害的勘查评估研究工作. E-mail: zydhw8029@163.com
引用本文:   
丁宏伟, 胡兴林, 蓝永超等 .黑河流域水资源转化特征及其变化规律[J]  冰川冻土, 2012,V34(6): 1460-1469
DING Hong-wei, HU Xing-lin, LAN Yong-chao etc .Characteristics and Conversion of Water Resources in the Heihe River Basin[J]  JOURNAL OF GLACIOLOGY AND GEOCRYOLOGY, 2012,V34(6): 1460-1469
链接本文:  
http://210.72.80.159/jweb_bcdt/CN/     或     http://210.72.80.159/jweb_bcdt/CN/Y2012/V34/I6/1460
 
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