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冰川冻土 2012, Vol. 34 Issue (5) :1023-1030    DOI:
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基于多源数据的西藏地区积雪变化趋势分析
巴桑1,2, 杨秀海1, 拉珍1, 郑照军3, 旷达1, 拉巴1
1. 中国气象局成都高原气象研究所拉萨分部, 西藏 拉萨 850000;
2. 西藏高原大气环境科学研究所, 西藏 拉萨 850000;
3. 中国气象局国家卫星中心, 北京 100081
Variation of Snow Cover over Tibet Autonomous Region Based on Multi-Source Data
BASANG1,2, YANG Xiu-hai1, LAZHEN1, ZHENG Zhao-jun3, KUANGDA1, LABA1
1. Lhasa Division of Institute of Plateau Meteorology, China Meteorological Adminstration, Lhasa Tibet 850000, China;
2. Institute of Tibetan Plateau Atmosphere and Environment Sciences, Lhasa Tibet 850000, China;
3. National Satellite Meteorological Center, Beijing 100081, China
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摘要 利用1980—2009年气象台站的观测数据、 北半球NOAA周积雪产品和2001—2010年500 m分辨率的EOS/MODIS积雪产品等多源资料, 从不同角度对近30 a来西藏区域积雪变化趋势进行了分析. 结果表明: 不同资料分析均显示, 近30 a来西藏地区积雪不断减少, 尤其以近些年较为明显. 近30 a积雪日数、 最大积雪深度总体上呈现下降趋势, 尤其是进入21世纪以来, 下降趋势非常明显. 从秋冬春季节的积雪变化趋势来看, 冬、 春两季的积雪在减少, 而秋季在增多, 这些变化趋势都与各季节的气温和降水密切相关. NOAA资料显示, 近30 a来西藏地区的积雪覆盖面积正在逐步减少; 季节变化略有不同, 春、 秋两季略呈上升趋势, 冬、 夏两季在减少, 且夏季减少趋势较明显. MODIS资料分析表明, 近10 a来西藏地区的积雪总体呈下降趋势, 尤其是2007年下半年开始下降明显. 秋季的积雪在增加, 冬、 春、 夏三季的积雪趋于减少, 且春季的下降趋势最明显, 其次为冬季, 夏季的减少幅度最小. 不同海拔的积雪都有减少趋势, 最明显的是海拔4 000~5 000 m的积雪, 其次是海拔5 000~6 000 m段. 按地理区域分析, 近10 a来西藏东、 西、 中3个区域的积雪都呈减少趋势, 其中西部的下降趋势最明显, 其次为中部, 东部相对较稳定.
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巴桑
杨秀海
拉珍
郑照军
旷达
拉巴
关键词积雪变化趋势   积雪日数   最大积雪深度   积雪面积     
Abstract: A study is presented of variation of sow cover over Tibet Autonomous Region based on multi-resource data during 1980-2009. There are three different data are used in this paper. They are observed snow data of 34 weather stations in Tibet Region, the Northern Hemisphere monthly snow data of NOAA and MODIS eight-day snow cover productions. The results show that: 1) annual snow cover days and maximum snow depth in the region showed a decreasing trend during the 30 years. Especially since the beginning of this century, the decreasing trend has been very obvious. Seasonal snow cover days and the maximum snow depth were increasing in the autumn and decreasing in the other seasons. 2) NOAA data shows that: From 1980 to 2009, snow cover area in the region had decreased gradually, with different seasonal changing trends, slightly increasing in spring and fall, but slightly decreasing in winter and summer. 3) MODIS data shows that snow cover area in the region had been decreasing generally in the last 10 years, especially, since 2007. Snow cover area increased in autumn and decreases in winter and spring. The decreasing trend in spring was obvious than that in winter. According to the analysis on different elevation ranges, the snow cover area in all elevation ranges decreased generally, especially in the range of 4 000~5 000 m. Spatially, the snow cover area also had decreased for different parts of the region during the last 10 years, especially in the west part. The results which get from NOAA and MODIS are slightly different each other, since the spatial resolution, the length of time and the study area are different for NOAA data and MODIS data in this paper. NOAA data have the advantage in time length, but MODIS data is much better than NOAA data in resolution. Thus combining NOAA data with MODIS data to analyze will have more accurate result.
Keywordsvariation of snow cover,   snow cover days,   maximum snow depth,   snow cover area     
收稿日期: 2012-01-08;
基金资助:中国气象局成都高原气象研究所高原气象开放实验室基金课题(LPM2011009); 公益性行业(气象)科研专项(GYHY201206040)资助
作者简介: 巴桑(1965-), 女, 西藏拉萨人, 高级工程师, 2007年在挪威卑尔根大学获硕士学位, 主要研究方向是卫星遥感的应用研究. E-mail: bsdroma@163.com
引用本文:   
巴桑, 杨秀海, 拉珍等 .基于多源数据的西藏地区积雪变化趋势分析[J]  冰川冻土, 2012,V34(5): 1023-1030
BASANG, YANG Xiu-hai, LAZHEN etc .Variation of Snow Cover over Tibet Autonomous Region Based on Multi-Source Data[J]  JOURNAL OF GLACIOLOGY AND GEOCRYOLOGY, 2012,V34(5): 1023-1030
链接本文:  
http://210.72.80.159/jweb_bcdt/CN/     或     http://210.72.80.159/jweb_bcdt/CN/Y2012/V34/I5/1023
 
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